old is the dam? You don't want the
dam to be bred too soon. If females
are bred prematurely it shows
lack of care and knowledge on the breeders
part. It could also show that this
breeder is only in it for the money.
They breed as soon as the dam can get pregnant
in order to produce as many puppies as possible
since it equates to more money. How often
and how many times has she been bred.
The Code of Ethics states that no bitch
should be bred more than twice in one season,
if they are bred from more than that they
are required to rest the bitch for two years!
Ideally bitches should be bred from only
once in a year. It takes a lot out
of the dam to raise strong, healthy puppies.
Since the onset of puberty varies depending
upon the breed, it is recommended that you
consult your vet for the appropriate breeding
age of your chosen breed.
1 see the dam? (and/or sire) This will give
you a good idea of the temperament as well
as the appearance of your potential puppy
once they reach maturity. Ask about
dam's temperament and the sire's temperament.
did they choose stud? Why? What is
his relation to the dam (if any)?
It is good to ask why they chose that particular
stud to see what answers are given.
Reputable kennels are constantly striving
to improve their breed of dogs - selecting
the best specimens for breeding in order
to produce strong, healthy, happy dogs.
if the dam is a family/house dog or if she
is always kept in a kennel.
their dogs are kept in kennels, or even
if in the home, ask how do they socialize
their dogs? Are they around kids?
Strange noises? Other dogs? Cats?
Elderly persons? Is this breed good
with children, elderly?
what type of temperament/aptitude testing
do they do? This will show you that
they care about the homes they place their
puppies in. The breeder should be
asking you questions as well, in order to
properly match your personality and lifestyle
with that of the puppy.
do they plan on keeping a puppy from this
litter? If yes, how did they choose
it and why? If no, how come?
faults do the dam/sire have? There
are always certain faults in each dog.
The breeder should be willing to discuss
them with you.
about special grooming and training requirements.
How much grooming and personal attention
do they require (ask if they have a dependent
personality versus independent).
about any special precautions that should
be taken with a young puppy. For example:
caution should be taken with large breeds
upon slippery floors since slipping around
can cause damage to growing tissues.
The breeder may mention that you should
prevent jumping and leaping from tall objects.
Also, bloat in large breeds should be discussed
with warning signs given. Special
care may have to be taken throughout life.
Remember, over-exercise and over-feeding
(accelerating growth) can be harmful to
the breeder if they offer replacements or
partial refunds if dogs develop certain
faults (especially with "show"
if the puppies are tattooed or if they have